Gain Health

Because losing weight is not about becoming thin.
It’s about becoming healthy.

Gain Health

Because losing weight is not about becoming thin.
It’s about becoming healthy.

Removal of Stomach Polyps / Removal of Gastrointestinal Polyps

Stomach polyps, also known as gastric polyps, are abnormal growths that form in the inner lining of the stomach. Most are benign and harmless. Some, however, develop into cancer. While it commonly affects those over the age of 50, the condition itself is extremely rare and usually doesn’t cause any symptoms. It is often detected incidentally during an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.

There are three types of stomach polyps, which are:

  • Hyperplastic polyps, which occur as a result of recurrent inflammation in the stomach’s epithelium. These growths vary in shape, size and number. They are mostly benign, but larger ones have a higher risk of becoming cancerous.
  • Fundic gland polyps, which are the most common, accounting for half of all gastric polyp occurrences. These are caused by a cystic dilation in the stomach’s glands.
  • The least common type of stomach polyps are adenomas, but they have the highest chance of malignancy depending on the size. These typically develop in the stomach’s antrum.

Anything that causes severe or repeated inflammation of the stomach lining results in gastric polyps. These include:

  • H. pylori infection that causes gastritis and peptic ulcers, which in turn produces hyperplastic polyps
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis, a rare, inherited syndrome that causes fundic gland polyps
  • Pernicious anemia
  • Gastric erosions or ulcers
  • Regular use of proton-pump inhibitors

Some studies show that genetics also plays a part in gastric polyps. Those who have a family history of this condition have a higher risk of developing it than those who do not.

Gastric polyps rarely develop into cancer, though most stomach cancers begin as adenomas. Generally, 1 in 20 polyps go on to become cancerous, and this process takes 10 to 15 years. For this reason, having an endoscopy every 10 years is sufficient to detect, prevent and treat cancer.

Most stomach polyps do not cause symptoms, with the abnormal growth only being discovered unintentionally during an endoscopy for another illness. Larger polyps, on the other hand, are accompanied by these warning signs:

  • Stomach ulcers
  • Stomach pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Anemia
  • Weight loss
  • Blood in stools

There is no single method to deal with gastric polyps. Treatments vary and depend on the polyp’s type, size, shape, location and number, as well as other symptoms and an individual’s medical history and risk of cancer.

Small growths that are not classified as adenomas are not dangerous and often don’t require treatments. Symptoms are barely noticeable and cause little to no discomfort. During this stage, the specialist advises the watch-and-wait approach whereby signs are monitored for any significant changes before treatment options are considered.

Polyps that are caused by inflammatory illnesses such as the H. pylori infection and gastritis will be treated mainly with antibiotics and antacids, as well as a change in diet and lifestyle.

Larger polyps and adenomas can easily be extracted during an endoscopy, and then biopsied to check for cancer. If the cancer has spread to nearby tissues and the stomach, surgically removing part or all of the organ may be necessary. This can be done endoscopically or via traditional open surgery.

If you suspect that you may have an abnormal growth in your stomach, such as a polyp, contact gastrointestinal endoscopy specialist Dr Shanker at 67375388 for a detailed consultation today.